FREE counter and Web statistics from

logoCentre Dental

  • 电话: (888) 842-7558
  • (212) 925-7066


预防牙科  |  根管治疗  |  牙冠和牙桥  |  活动假牙
牙周病  拔牙(包含智慧齿)|  睡眠牙科  |  蛀牙与补牙


尽早治疗牙周病 可延年益寿


牙周炎已被医学界定论为继癌症、心脑血管疾病之后,威胁人体健康的第三大杀手,也是口腔健康的头号杀手。 通常起因是口腔卫生不佳,长期菌斑附着于牙齿与牙龈交界面,逐渐破环此天然屏障,病菌继而入侵龈内并进入血流。

龈沟乃牙科探针可以伸入的游离牙龈与牙根之间的小空间。 健康的龈沟应该在1-3毫米之间。 超过4毫米便为牙周炎的范畴,龈沟越深牙周病越重。龈沟在8毫米以上者乃牙周病晚期。深度洁牙一定要在龈沟为4-6毫米时进行预后才良好。成功的治疗可以减少龈沟2-3毫米。




深度洁牙属于非手术性牙周病治疗。将病人局麻后,医生用特殊的医疗器械于牙龈下龈沟内轻轻刮除牙结石以及附着牙根表面的类毒素并让牙根更光滑。 治疗后一般不会出血,也不会有长期的疼痛。少数病人会感觉牙齿对冷热敏感。这属暂时现象,随着暴露牙根的逐渐钙化,敏感程度会逐渐减轻。


Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar. 

Gingivitis--Reversible Gum Disease

The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called “gingivitis.”  In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist.  It does not involve bone loss.

Periodontitis--Involving Bone loss and Damaging Your Heart and Other Organs

When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to “periodontitis”. In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called “pockets”) that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.

Periodontitis and Your General Health

Due to chronic infection of the gums, our body produces high levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) which increases risks for heart attack, stroke and other systemic diseases.  Periodontitis may also causes erectile dysfunction and impotence in man.  Women are more susceptible to gum disease due to hormonal fluctuations.  Periodontitis during pregnancy may also harm your baby.  Once treated, these harmful effects can decrease or disappear.

How to Prevent Gum Disease?

Regular dental visits and due diligence with daily brushing and flossing are the most important steps in gum disease prevention.  If gum disease is diagnosed, prompt treatment is imperative for better teeth and better health.  Treating gum disease can improve your general health, your social life, and even your longevity. 

Gum Recession (Noninfectious)---Under Treated but Prevalent Gum Disorders 

Gum recession can be caused by as simple as overzealous brushing.  It can also be caused by abnormal biting force (night bruxism, crooked teeth, etc), aging, eating disorders, dipping tobacco, gum disease or adult braces treatment.  When gums recede, tooth appears longer and shows black triangles.  Also affected tooth may be sensitive to cold or even touch.  Untreated gum recession deteriorates over time, and exposed roots may suffer decay. Eventually it may cause tooth loss.

How to Treat Gum Recessions?

Traditional treatment includes bonding/veneers and gum graft.  Bonding or veneers may help reduce sensitivity or temporarily improve appearance, but condition worsens oven time.  Gum grafting involves cutting gums from roof of mouth and grafted over receded area.  It may be expensive and painful experience.  

In the past few years Alloderm microsurgery becomes available, and treatment becomes less invasive. Expense and recovery time, however,  still impose challenges to most patients. Thanks to Dr John Chao in California, a minimally invasive microsurgical technique called Pinhole Surgical Gum Rejuvenation  or PST  offers less expensive and same day recovering alternative to gum grafting. Please see Dr Steve Show interviewing Dr Chao on PST.

Dr Shi is one of the early trained and authorized doctors in the US to provide this patented procedure to patients in NY area. Please make an appointment for a free